International Operations Manual 91 / 135

This International Operations manual contains the necessary sections to get you up and running for operations in the North Atlantic, Pacific, WATRS, Gulf of Mexico, Europe and other regions.

There are many ways to design and lay out an international operations manual. This manual is designed to minimize the requirements for constant updating. The content is designed to provide references to resources that provide updated information online and in user airway manuals.

Part 91 and part 135

This IOM is designed to meet the requirements of both Part 91 and Part 135 operators. Where differences exist between the two parts, the manual states the differences by regulation.

Background and Explanation of Requirements

What is an International Operations Manual? The term can mean a few different things depending on the type of operations intended.

We offer two different IOMs to accommodate the two main types of operators.

Basic IOM. The Basic IOM contains the procedures necessary to operate in areas where Class II Navigation (Oceanic and Remote) procedures are not required. This IOM does not include any oceanic procedures (sometimes called ETOPS but that’s another story). It also does not include any of the procedures for advanced technology, such as RNP, CPDLC, ADS-C and other authorizations required for oceanic and certain European Operations. See the Basic IOM Contents below.

This IOM will be all you need to operate in the Western Hemisphere and in non-oceanic airspace. Note that extended overwater operations is not the same thing as oceans operations. Oceanic operations are Class II operations outside of the service volume of ground based navaids, and in areas considered as oceanic. You can still conduct extended overwater operations simply by following the operational and training requirements specified in Parts 91 or 135, as applicable.

Full IOM. The full IOM contains all of the items from the basic, but also contains Special Area of Operation (SAO) procedures for the North Atlantic (NAT) Pacific (CEP), North Pacific (NOPAC), West Atlantic (WATRS) and Gulf of Mexico (GOMEX).

Additionally, this IOM contains the necessary procedures for several technology-based authorizations such as RNP4, RNP10, CPDLC, ADS-C, ADS-B, B-RNAV, P-RNAV, and RVSM. See the Full IOM Contents below.

Note that it is not enough to have an accepted IOM to operate in many types of airspace or regions. It is often a requirement to have a specific Part 91 Letter of Authorization LOA) or Part 135 Opspec to conduct these operations.

See the pages for Class II Nav / Oceanic B036 Authorization and CPDLC / ADS-C A056 Authorization for more information on how the IOM is used with these authorizations.

What You Are Getting

When you use Technical Content Services as the developer for your manuals, you are not ‘buying a manual’. You are getting a business relationship with a professional technical writer who is also highly experienced in Part 135 operations and has over a decade writing manuals for Part 135 operators. See the About page for more information.

Full IOM Contents – Oceanic Procedures and SAOs Included

1.International and Oceanic Operations Manual
2. Operations in Oceanic and Remote Continental Airspace
3. Special Areas of Operation and Types of Navigation
4. Communications, Navigation, and Surveillance Systems Guidance
5. Flight Planning Guidance
6. Flight Procedures for Oceanic and Remote Continental Airspace
7. Oceanic and Remote Continental Procedures
8. Radio Position Reports
9. In-Flight Contingency Guidance for Operations in Oceanic and Remote Continental Airspace
20. Atlantic Operations
21. Gulf of Mexico (GOMEX)
22. West Atlantic Route System (WATRS Plus)
23. Pacific Oceanic Operations
30. RNP Navigation
31. Basic Area Navigation (B-RNAV) / RNAV 5
32. Precision Area Navigation (P-RNAV)
33. ADS-B
34. RVSM Operations
35. Data Link Operations
40. Abbreviations and Definitions
41. Oceanic Navigation Errors
42. Unusual Weather Activity

A. International Flight Planning Checklist
B. Flight Planning Resources and Web Sites
C. Master Document Cover Sheet
D. Oceanic / RNP 10 Checklist
E. Position Report Form
F. Reroute and Diversion Flight Plan
G. RVSM Height Keeping Error Report
H. Aircraft Authorizations and Data

*Topics noted with an asterisk are provided with a basic framework since the content will vary significantly with the operator and aircraft.

Basic IOM Contents – Oceanic Procedures and SAOs not Included

1. International Operations Manual
2. Information for International Operations
3. Special Areas of Operation and Types of Navigation
4. Communications, Navigation, and Surveillance Systems Guidance
5. Flight Planning Guidance
6. Flight Procedures for International Operations
7. In-Flight Contingency Guidance
8. Abbreviations and Definitions
9. International Flight Planning Checklist
10. Flight Planning Resources and Web Sites


The organizational structure of this manual was designed to maximize ease of use by management and crewmembers. It is also designed to allow easy review by your POI and PMI/PAI.

SAS – FAA Safety Assurance System

The FAA has not developed SAS DCT questions to any significant extent. There are only about a dozen SAS questions that touch on international operations. This manual meets these requirements.

Changes and Subscription Service

This manual is not offered with a standard recurring subscription service or recurring annual fee.

The problem with subscription services is that international information is not changed on any particular schedule. This means that something could change this month, but the next subscription release is not scheduled for several more months.

Instead of creating a manual that is dependent on a subscription to remain valid, this IOM is designed to use readily available (often free) information that will always be more up to date than a manual would be. This also removes the need to continue to resubmit your IOM for information that does not require FAA review and acceptance.

For example, suppose an IOM contains information about entry requirements for a specific nation. When those requirements change, you would have to update your manual. However, the FAA is not usually in a position, nor has the interest in reviewing items like this since it is not within their jurisdiction, nor is it something that they would modify or make you correct.

It is far more convenient to use the information readily available in the Jepp Airway Manuals. You have already paid for it, and it is more current than any manual provider could manage.

When major changes occur, we will revise the IOM and make that change available for a small charge.


For Operator role, FAQ and pricing, read more…